Vitex pinnata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Vitex pinnata L.

Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 638 ("938"; 1753).


Vitex pubescens Vahl (1794).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: laban (general), kalapapa (Kalimantan), gulimpapa (Sulawesi)
  • Malaysia: leban tandok (Peninsular), leban buas (Sarawak), kulim papa (Sabah)
  • Philippines: hairy-leafed molave. Burma (Myanmar): kyetyoh
  • Thailand: tinnok (central, northern), samo-tinpet (peninsular)
  • Vietnam: bình linh lông.


India, Sri Lanka (rare), Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Philippines (Palawan); introduced in tropical Africa and South America.


The timber is not of commercial importance because it is usually not available in larger dimensions. It is, however, locally favoured for construction, boats and implements, and it is used as fuelwood. The leaves and bark are used in local medicine against stomach-ache, as febrifuge and to heal wounds.


A small to medium-sized tree, up to 25(-30) m tall, with often crooked bole up to 70 cm in diameter; leaves (3-)5-foliolate, leaflets pubescent below; inflorescence terminal, paniculate, with prominent bracts; calyx lobes subequal, c. 2 mm long, corolla bluish-white to violet; fruit subglobose, 7-13 mm in diameter, purplish-black when mature. V. pinnata is common in many areas, especially in more open habitats, secondary forest and on river banks. The density of the wood is 800-950 kg/m3at 15% moisture content; the wood is hard and durable.

Selected sources

18, 31, 36, 47, 51, 69, 73, 77, 78, 120, 134, 135, 148, 149, 218, 219, 220, 234,261, 302, 303, 331, 341, 344, 371, 442, 443, 456, 473, 529, 531, 642, 648, 674, 705, 706.