Vaccinium littoreum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Vaccinium littoreum Miq.

Family: Ericaceae


  • Vaccinium hasseltii Miq.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia, Malaysia: padang.


Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore.


The fruits are edible. The hard timber is used for handles.


  • Terrestrial or epiphytic shrub or tree, 1-4(-10) m tall.
  • Leaves elliptic to ovate, 3.5-7 cm × 1.5-3.5 cm.
  • Flowers white or reddish.
  • Fruit a berry, 6-7 mm diameter, black.

In forest near seashore, ascending from the coast to 2400 m altitude. Flowering year-round.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen