Uvaria purpurea (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Uvaria purpurea Blume


Protologue: Bijdr. fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 11 (1825).

Synonyms

Uvaria grandiflora Roxb. ex Wallich (1830).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: kalak (Java), larap putih (Lampung), tali pisang (Moluccas)
  • Malaysia: akar larak, larak tahi kuching, akar pisang-pisang tandok (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: banauak, susong-kalabau (Tagalog, Bisaya), hinlalaki-saging (Tagalog)
  • Thailand: kluai muu sang (peninsular), yaan nom khwaai (Trang), kluai phangphon (Trat)
  • Vietnam: chuối con chồng.

Distribution

Southern Burma (Myanmar), southern China, Indo-China, southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and the Philippines.

Uses

The roots, crushed with water, and a decoction of the leaves are used to treat colic, stomach-ache, skin diseases and after childbirth. The aromatic fruits are eaten raw or preserved. The stems are said to be a good substitute for rattan.

Observations

A straggling shrub or liana up to 10 m long; leaves elliptical-oblong-obovate, 11-30 cm × 4.5-10 cm; flowers with calyx entirely closed before anthesis, afterwards irregularly 2-4-fid, and corolla 6-9 cm in diameter, vermilion-red to purplish; fruit consisting of numerous monocarps 2.5-8.5 cm long, on stalks 4-6 cm long, orange, fleshy, densely brown hairy, 5-21-seeded. U. purpurea occurs in forest edges and brushwood, up to 1000 m altitude.

Selected sources

62, 121, 334, 548, 782, 967.

Main genus page

Authors

Max Joseph Herman