Tulipa turkestanica (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Tulipa lehmanniana
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Tulipa turkestanica (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Althaea rosea
Tulipa turkestanica
Tulipa turkestanica
Tulipa turkestanica
Tulipa turkestanica

Tulipa turkestanica Rgl.

Local name:

  • Uzbek: Turkeston lolas

Chromosome number: 2n = 24, 36, 48 (Upcott and Philip 1939); 2n = 24, 36 (Bochantseva 1962).

Description and morphology: Perennial herb (height 10–25 cm). Bulb ovate (1.5–2.3 cm wide) with wool felt inside brown tunics. Stem: woolly at top or rarely glabrous, leaf cauline. Leaves: glabrous, linear; lower – (5–15 mm wide), usually exceeding flower, sometimes shorter. Flowers: large, terminal, 1–7, at bud stage erect or bell shaped. Perianth segments (12–25 mm long) white-yellowish, veined with a yellow basal blotch; pointed and reflexing; outer segments lanceolate light violet, 1.5 times narrower than inner ones; stamens 2 times shorter than perianth segments; filaments yellow at extended bases with densely hairy basal ring. Anthers linear-oblong (4–6 mm long), usually yellow, less often slightly violet, with short pointer. Stigmas 3-lobed.

Reproduction: Flowering and fruit maturation: March–April. Fruit: erect capsule, sub-globose, trigonal, septicidal; oblong (1.5–2.0 cm long, about 1 cm wide). Seed: numerous, discoid.

Pastoral importance: None.

Fodder value: None.

Economic interest: Bulbs occasionally used as food.

Habitat: Psammo-xerophyte. Grows on loamy and stony slopes (from foothills up to 2500 m).

Distribution: Endemic. Central Asia (Pamir- Alai, Tien Shan).