Trichosanthes ovigera (PROSEA)
Trichosanthes ovigera Blume
- Protologue: Bijdr. fl. Ned. Ind.: 934 (1826).
- Trichosanthes horsfieldii Miq. (1856),
- Trichosanthes cucumeroides (Ser.) Maxim. ex Fr. & Sav. (1875),
- Trichosanthes himalensis C.B. Clarke (1879).
- Indonesia: areuy tiwuk (Sundanese)
- Vietnam: hoa bát.
From the Himalayas to China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands and north-eastern Australia.
In China, Japan and Taiwan the root is regarded as a good remedy for intestinal parasites, jaundice and bloody stools. It is also considered to be a diuretic and galactagogue. In eastern China, it is a substitute for T. kirilowii. In Taiwan, the root and seeds are applied to soothe the throat and lungs and to prevent inflammation, and are also considered to be a bechic, expectorant and thirst quenching. Boiled fruits are eaten as a side dish with rice. In China and Japan the starch of the tubers is sometimes extracted.
- A dioecious, perennial vine, stem angular, sparsely puberulous to glabrescent.
- Leaves broadly ovate to suborbicular in outline, unlobed to deeply 3-5-lobed, 7-15 cm × 6-15 cm, base deeply cordate, lobes ovate to obovate, obtuse to acute, mucronate, denticulate, scabrid above, densely pubescent to velvety below.
- Corolla up to 5 cm in diameter; male flowers in 6-20 cm long racemes, bracts narrowly obovate, 5-10 mm long, dentate; female flowers solitary.
Fruit ovoid to ellipsoidal, 8-10 cm × 2.5-3 cm, glabrous.
- Seeds broadly ovate, cylindrical.
T. ovigera is found in light forests, forest margins, thickets and roadsides, up to 1600 m altitude.
97, 486, 721, 870, 1024, 1126, 1263, 1443. medicinals
M.S.M. Sosef, E. Boer & N. Bunyapraphatsara
- See also under Trichosanthes (PROSEA Vegetables) for the vegetable use.