Tacca integrifolia (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl.


Protologue: Bot. Mag. 35: t. 1488 (1912).

Synonyms

Tacca cristata Jack (1821), Tacca laevis Roxb. (1832).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: puar lilipan (Sumatra), kumis ucing, curug lukur (Java)
  • Malaysia: keladi murai, kelemoyang ayer (Peninsular)
  • Thailand: man phlaen, wan phangphon, nilaphusi (peninsular)
  • Vietnam: ngải rợm.

Distribution

India, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, western Java and Borneo.

Uses

In Peninsular Malaysia pulped rhizomes are applied to the skin to treat rash. In Thailand a decoction of the rhizome is used to treat hypotension and as an aphrodisiac, and in Vietnam to treat irregular menses. T. integrifolia is sometimes planted in gardens as an ornamental.

Observations

A perennial herb with cylindrical rhizome up to 12 cm × 3 cm; leaves oblong to lanceolate, 7.5-65 cm × 3-24 cm, entire, petiole 4.5-41 cm long; inflorescence with scape up to 65(-100) cm long, 4 large, non-decussate involucral bracts, many filiform bracts and up to 30 flowers; flowers up to 3.2 cm in diameter, green to blackish-violet; fruit 2.5-5 cm × 1-2.5 cm, green to black; seeds ovoid to oblong-ovoid. T. integrifolia occurs in primary and secondary forest, up to 1200(-1500) m altitude.

Selected sources

121, 173, 247, 249.

Main genus page

Authors

R.H.M.J. Lemmens