Tabernaemontana pandacaqui (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Poir.

Protologue: in Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 529 (1806).


Tabernaemontana orientalis R.Br. (1810), Tabernaemontana cumingiana A.DC. (1844), Ervatamia pandacaqui (Poir.) Pichon (1949).

Vernacular names

  • Papua New Guinea: oru (Hulu, Central Province), karaban (Nyamikum, Sepik)
  • Philippines: kampupot (Tagalog), pandakaki (Tagalog, Bisaya, Pampangan)
  • Thailand: put farang (Bangkok), phut tum (northern).


From Thailand and southern Taiwan throughout the Philippines to Sabah, from East Java and Sulawesi eastward throughout New Guinea into the Pacific and northern and eastern Australia.


In the Philippines a poultice of the leaves is applied as an emmenagogue and to hasten parturition. A decoction of the leaves is added to the bath of women after parturition. A decoction of the root and bark is taken to relieve affections of the stomach and intestines. The latex is applied as an emollient to bruises and wounds, and to swellings. In Thailand, the roots are used as an antidiarrhoeal. In Papua New Guinea, the root is scraped and rubbed onto a sore nose. Sap from the ripe fruit is applied to skin affected by ringworm ( Tinea imbricata ). In Fiji, a poultice of the plant is used to reduce swellings and abscesses.


A shrub or small tree, 1-14 m tall, trunk up to 20 cm in diameter; leaves elliptical to narrowly elliptical, (1.5-)3-25 cm × (0.4-)1-10 cm, 1.7-4(7) times longer than wide, apex obtuse or sometimes rounded, secondary veins usually pale green on both sides, petiole 3-20 mm long; inflorescence rather lax or more or less congested, 3-11 cm × 3-16 cm, 1-many-flowered; flowers slightly scented or not, open during the day, sepals pale green, corolla in mature bud 10-31 mm long with a comparatively wide subglobose or mostly broadly ovoid head for 15-40% of the length, apex blunt or rounded, tube 3.7-11 times longer than the calyx, 8-22 mm long, twisted 0.25-0.5 turn or not just below the anthers; fruit consisting of 2 separate mericarps, obliquely ellipsoid or less often subglobose, with 1 adaxial and 1-2 lateral ridges or wings, orange, red or yellow, 2-40-seeded. T. pandacaqui is found in forest or bush, often on limestone from sea-level to 1800 m altitude. It flowers and fruits throughout the year. In the Philippines flowering peaks in March-June and fruiting in September-November; in Papua New Guinea flowering peaks in March and November-December and fruiting in January and September.

Selected sources

128, 241, 317, 380

  • Holdsworth, D.K., 1977. Medicinal plants of Papua New Guinea. Technical Paper No 175. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 123 pp., 672, 758, 786, 810.


L.S.L. Chua & S.F.A.J. Horsten