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== Artemisia abrotanum Linn. ==
Compositae. OLD MAN. SOUTHERNWOOD.
Europe and temperate Asia. This artemisia forms an ingredient, saysLindley, in some continental beers.
A. absinthium Linn. ==
Cultivated in Europe and in England in cottage gardens on a largescale.
Bridge-man, 1832, is the first writer on American gardening whomentions absinthe but now its seeds are cataloged for sale by all our
larger dealers. It is classed among medicinal herbs but is largely usedin France to flavor the cordial, absinthe, and in America incompounding bitters. The seed is used by the rectifiers of spirits andthe plant is largely cultivated in some districts of England for thispurpose. It is said occasionally to form an ingredient of sauces incookery.
A. dracunculus Linn. ==
East Europe, the Orient and Himalayan regions. Tarragon was broughtto Italy, probably from the shores of the Black Sea, in recent times. Thefirst mention on record is by Simon Seth, in the middle of the twelfthcentury, but it appears to have been scarcely known as a condimentuntil the sixteenth century. It was brought to England in or about1548. The flowers, as Vilmorin says, are always barren, so that theplant can be propagated only by division. Tarragon culture ismentioned by the botanists of the sixteenth century and in England byGerarde, 1597, and by succeeding authors on
gardening. Rauwolf, 1573- 75, found it in the gardens of Tripoli. In America, it is mentioned by McMahon, 1806. Its roots are now included in our leading seed catalogs. Tarragon has a fragrant smell and an aromatic taste for which it is greatly esteemed by the French. In Persia, it has long been customary to use the leaves to create an appetite. Together with the young tips, the leaves are put in salads, in pickles and in vinegar for a fish sauce. They are also eaten with beefsteaks, served with horseradish. Tarragon vinegar, says Mclntosh, is much esteemed.
A. maritima Linn. ==
A. mutellina Vill. ==
A. spicata Wulf. ==
Europe. The plant is used on the continent in the preparation of Eaud'absinthe.
A. vulgaris Linn. ==
Northern temperate regions. Mugwort was employed, says Johnson, toa great extent for flavoring beer before the introduction of the hop. It isstill used in England to flavor the home-made beer of the cottagers. Onthe continent, it is occasionally employed as an aromatic, culinary herb .