Solanum capsicoides (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Solanum capsicoides All.


Protologue: Auct. synop. meth. stirp. hort. reg. Taurensis: 12 (1773).

Synonyms

Solanum ciliatum Lamk (1794), Solanum ciliare Willd. (1809), Solanum aculeatissimum auct. non Jacq.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: terong kori, terong tenang (Sundanese)
  • Malaysia: terong asam hutan, terong perat, terong puyoh (Peninsular)
  • Thailand: khuea hin (peninsular), ma khuea kham (northern), ma khuea khuen (Chiang Mai).

Distribution

Originally from coastal Brazil, but now commonly naturalized in western Africa, the Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, Florida, Hawaii, the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China, India, Sri Lanka and in South-East Asia in Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Java; to be expected elsewhere.

Uses

The fruits, charred and pounded in oil, are used to treat skin complaints. In Peninsular Malaysia, the pounded roots have been applied to the gums against toothache. The smoke of dried, pounded and burned seeds has been inhaled to cure an ulcerated nose. The fruits are edible when roasted or cooked in curry. S. capsicoides is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental for its decorative fruits.

Observations

A perennial, slightly woody, prickly herb up to 100 cm tall, stem and leaves glabrous or sparsely pilose with simple hairs; leaves broadly ovate to ovate-cordate, pinnately 5-7-lobed, 4.5-18 cm × 4-12 cm, cordate at base, apex acute; inflorescence extra-axillary, racemose, 1-7-flowered, on a short peduncle; calyx campanulate, 4-5 mm long, shortly glandular hairy, corolla rotate, about 3 cm in diameter, white, lobes lanceolate, anthers narrowed towards the apex, about 6 mm long, with apical pores; fruit solitary or sometimes 2-3 together, globose to depressed globose, 2.5-3 cm in diameter, glabrous, orange-red when mature, calyx slightly enlarged; seeds strongly flattened, winged all around, 4-6 mm in diameter. S. capsicoides is a common weed of slightly shaded places, along hedges, sugar-cane fields and roadsides up to 1500 m altitude.

Selected sources

97, 202, 287, 320, 580, 873, 1016, 1017, 1380, 1652.

Authors

M.M. Blomqvist & Nguyen Tien Ban