Shorea balangeran (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Shorea balangeran (Korth.) Burck

Protologue: Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 214 (1887).


  • Hopea balangeran Korth. (1841),
  • Parashorea balangeran (Korth.) Merr. (1921).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: balangeran, kahoi (Kalimantan), melangir (Bangka, Belitung).


Kalimantan, Bangka and Belitung.


S. balangeran is a major source of red meranti timber, but heavier grades are sometimes traded as red balau. The bark is used for the walling of houses. A comparatively valuable resin can be obtained from the wood.


  • A medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall with a straight bole, buttresses up to 1.2 m high.
  • Leaves oblong-elliptical to lanceolate, 7-18 cm × 3-8 cm, with 13-18 pairs of slender secondary veins not prominent, lower surface cream lepidote.
  • Stamens 15, anthers broadly ovoid with slender appendages, stylopodium absent.
  • Larger fruit calyx lobes up to 50 mm × 7 mm.

S. balangeran is common and occurs often gregarious in peat-swamp forest. The density of the wood is 730-990 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

258, 462, 743, 748.

Main genus page


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)