Scolopia luzonensis (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Scolopia luzonensis (Presl) Warb.

Family: Flacourtiaceae


  • Flacourtia crenata Wallich.

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: babaliuain (Tagalog), aninguai (Sambali), palutan (Ilokano).


The Philippines, Sabah, Sulawesi and Lesser Sunda Islands.


The fruits are eaten raw. The wood is very hard but apparently not used.


  • Shrub or small tree, 5 m tall, occasionally with fine axillary thorns on young twigs.
  • Leaves ovate-oblong, 6-12 cm × 2-5 cm.
  • Inflorescences 10-14 flowered racemes, flowers white.
  • Fruit an ovoid to subglobose berry, about 6 mm diameter, red, with 3-8 seeds.

In dry thickets and secondary forest, up to 700 m altitude, often on clayey soils or along sandy beaches.

Selected sources

  • Merrill, E.D., 1923-1925. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 4 Volumes. Government of the Philippine Islands, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing, Manila.
  • Monsalud, M.R., Tongacan, A.L., Lopez, F.R. & Lagrimas, M.Q., 1966. Edible wild plants in Philippine forests. The Philippine Journal of Science 95: 431 561.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen