Salvia occidentalis (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Salvia occidentalis Swartz

Family: Labiatae


Salvia procumbens Ruiz & Pavon.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: langon, legetan warak, randa nunut (Javanese).


Occurring naturally throughout tropical America to Florida. Introduced into Indonesia.


Tested as a cover crop in Indonesia. Its present utilization is unknown.


Strongly branched, foetid, annual herb, up to 1.6 m tall. Leaves ovate to rhomboid, 2-6 cm long, apex acute, base cuneate, margin serrate, upper surface appressed hairy, lower surface hirtellous, or both sides glabrous. Inflorescence an interrupted spike with mostly 6-flowered whorls; calyx 2 mm long (3 mm in fruits), hairy, glandulose, upper lip rounded-truncate, lower lips ovate-acuminate; corolla blue, tube 2.5 mm long. S. occidentalis is naturalized in Java, especially in the eastern parts, up to 850 m altitude. It is suitable for heavy clay, quickly providing an adequate cover. Once established it prevents the formation of an Imperata grass cover.

Selected sources

93, 101.


M.S.M. Sosef & L.J.G. van der Maesen