Salsola gemmascens (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Salsola arbuscula
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Salsola gemmascens (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Salsola lanata
Salsola gemmascens
Salsola gemmascens
Salsola gemmascens
Salsola gemmascens


Salsola gemmascens Pall.

Local name:

  • Russian: Солянка почечконосная, тетыр, джертезек - soljanka počečkonosnaja, tetyr, džertezek
  • Uzbek, Turkmen: Tetir, Djertezek
  • Kazakh: Tytr

Description and morphology: Perennial, low shrub (height 15–35 cm) almost sphericalshaped, slender, woody at base. Stem: strongly ramified, covered with many transparent scalelike mounds; many buds along stems as well as on leaf surface. Leaves: alternate, small 3-angular with a hump below, extended at base and closely attached to stem. Anthers divided almost to end with oblong-ovate or lanceolate-acuminate appendage. Stigmas compacted, glabrous, reddish colour. Growth starts in April.

Reproduction: Sexual. Flowering: August– September. Fruit maturation: September–October. Fruit: monospermous, nut-like, winged, redbright yellow-pinkish (7–10 mm). Perianth during fruiting stage with short, thin, faintly veined, kidney-like shape or inverse ovate wings; upper perianth wide, thick-walled with convex, friable tube. Seed: horizontal, rarely vertical.

Pastoral value: From autumn until spring, well grazed by camel and small ruminants. In autumn and beginning of winter it is considered a highly calorific feed for sheep and camels, but later in spring and summer it is poorly consumed, except by camels. Not grazed by horses and cattle. Considered a valuable plant for range improvement and/or creation of permanent pastures on saline and solonchak, takyr-like soils. Also used for the rehabilitation of degraded saline desert areas. Expected yield 0.01–0.5 t DM/ha.

Fodder value: Fodder value much higher during winter period. Green forage contains (% DM): protein 9–14; fat 1.6–3.5; cellulose 17–26; ash 22–29; nitrogen-free extract 32–44. In spring, reputed to be rich in amino acids, macro- and micro-elements. Forage value about 71 FU and 9.7 kg digestible protein/ 100 kg DM.

Habitat: Halo-xerophyte. Prime colonizer on takyr-like or compacted sandy, gypseous more friable soils, takyr soils developed on ancient alluvial deposits of floodplain near river bed in Central Asia, residual salt-marshes (solonchakalkaline soils) and heavy clay or loamy gypseous soils in south-west of Kyzylkum, Minbulak depression and various areas of desert in Kazakhstan.

Distribution: Middle and Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, rare in Mongolia. Similar ecology to Salsola tetragona and S. tetrandra from arid zones of North Africa.