Salacia macrophylla (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Salacia macrophylla Blume

Family: Celastraceae


  • Salacia flavescens Kurz.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: kaciput, areuy ki gangarangan, areuy mata pöljang
  • Malaysia: nasi sejuk, hempedal itek
  • Thailand: krado hot, khop naang.


From western India to Hainan, throughout Malesia to New Britain. Not recorded from the Philippines.


The fruit resembles a small citrus and its flesh is eaten. A decoction of the roots is used after childbirth. The pounded leaves are applied on the skin against bellyache and eczema. Twigs are used as twine.


  • Liana or sprawling bush with highly variable leaves.
  • Fruit a subglobose drupe, 5-6(-8) cm long.

The species is widely distributed but scattered, in lowland forests near the coast, occasionally on limestone rock and in freshwater swamps. Often classified in Hippocrateaceae.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.
  • Uphoff, J.C.T., 1968. Dictionary of economic plants. 2nd ed. Stechert-Hafner Service Agency, New York. 591 pp.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen