Prunus domestica (Common names)

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Names in common use


  • English: plum, European plum; damson1
  • German: Pflaume; Kriechenpflaume, Krieche, Zwetschge, Zwetsche, Quetsche (Rhine area)1
  • Dutch: pruim; kriekpruim, kroosjespruim, kriek, kwets1
  • Swedish: plommon, sviskon; krikon1
  • Danish: blomme
  • Norwegian: plomme, ploma, plomma, plome
  • Icelandic:


  • French: prunier / prune; créquier/ crèque (regional)1; quetsche1
  • Italian: susino / susina, prugna
  • Spanish: ciruelo / ciruela
  • Catalan: prunera / pruna
  • Portuguese: ameixieira / ameixa
  • Romanian: prun / prună


  • Russian: слива домашняя - sliva domašnjaja
  • Polish: śliwa domowa, śliwa węgierka; damaszka, lubaszka1
  • Czech: slivoň švestka, švestka domácí / švestka
  • Slovak:
  • Bulgarian: слива
  • Croatian: šljiva
  • Serb: шљива; трношљива
  • Slovenian: sliva, češplja
  • Macedonian:


  • Latvian: mājas plūme
  • Lithuanian: slyva
  • Albanian: kumbullë (kumbulla with the article)
  • Greek: δαμασκηνιά / δαμάσκηνο - dhamaskinia / dhamaskino
  • Turkish: erik (eriği in composition)
  • Maltese: pruna
  • Hungarian: szilva
  • Finnish: luumu, luumupuu; kriikuna1
  • Estonian: ploomipuu

Sources and commentaries

1) Designates subsp. insititia.

  • French: créquier designates semi-wild forms of subsp. insititia.
  • Dutch: kwets is the general name in Flanders.
  • Slovenian: Naše sadje, 1975. Ljubljana, ČZP Kmečki Glas. 188 p.