Prunus avium (Common names)

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Names in common use


  • English: cherry, sweet cherry; gean, merry, mazzard1; heart cherry2: Bigarreau cherry3
  • German: Kirschbaum / Kirsche; Vogel-Kirsche1; Herzkirsche, weiche Kirsche2; Knorpelkirsche3
  • Dutch: kers, zoete kers; kriek1; vleeskers, knapkers3
  • Swedish: körsbär
  • Danish: kirsebær; fuglekirsebær1
  • Norwegian: søtkirsebær, fuglekirsebær, morell
  • Icelandic:


  • French: cerisier / cerise, cerise douce; merisier / merise1; guigne2; bigarreautier / bigarreau3
  • Italian: ciliegio / ciliegia; ciliegia tenerina2; ciliegia durone3
  • Spanish: cerezo / cereza; cereza gordal, cereza garrafal3
  • Catalan: cirerer, cirer / cirera
  • Portuguese: cerejeira / cereja; cereja garrafal3
  • Romanian: cireş / cireaşă (pl. cireşi); cireaşă pietroasă3


  • Russian: черешня - čerešnja
  • Polish: czereśnia; trześnia2
  • Czech: třešeň / třešně; srdcovka2; chrupka3
  • Slovak:
  • Bulgarian: череша - čereša
  • Croatian: trešnja
  • Serb: трешња
  • Slovenian: češnja
  • Macedonian: цреша - creša


  • Latvian: ķirsi
  • Lithuanian: trešnė
  • Albanian: qershi (qershia with the article)
  • Greek: κερασιά / κεράσι (pl. κεράσια) - kerasia / kerasi; κεράσι τράγανο - kerasi traghano3
  • Turkish: kiraz
  • Maltese: ċirasa
  • Hungarian: cseresznye; vadcseresznye, madárcseresznye1
  • Finnish: imeläkirsikka, linnunkirsikkapuu
  • Estonian: kirsipuu / kirss

Sources and commentaries

1) Designates the wild form, also cultivated for timber.

2) Designates the Juliana Group, with soft flesh.

3) Designates the Duracina Group, with hard flesh.

  • Dutch: kriek is the wild cherry in northern Netherland, and the sour cherry in southern Netherland.
  • Czech: Třešně rozdělujeme na chrupky, srdcovky a polochrupky [We classify cherries into Bigarreau, heart and half-Bigarreau]. Dlouhá Jana et al., 1995. Ovoce. Praha, Aventinum. 224 p.