Prinsepia-Protea (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Potentilla-Pringlea
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Prinsepia-Protea (Sturtevant, 1919)
Prunus


Prinsepia utilis Royle.

Rosaceae.

Himalayan region. In India, an oil is expressed from the seeds, which is used as food and for burning.

Printzia aromatica Less.

Compositae.

South Africa. Henfrey says the leaves are used as a tea at the Cape of Good Hope.

Prionium palmita E. Mey.

Juncaceae. PALMITE RUSH.

South Africa. The plant grows in the beds of rivers and the heart is edible.

Prioria copaifera Griseb.

Leguminosae.

Jamaica and Panama. The enormous seeds have edible embryos. They are sold in Panama under the name cativa.

Pritchardia filifera Linden.

Palmae.

Southwestern North America. This species is found in rocky canons near San Felipe, Cal., attaining a height of 50 feet. The fruit is small, black and pulpy and is used as food by the Indians.

Priva laevis Juss.

Verbenaceae.

Chile and the Argentine Republic. The small tubers can be used for food.

Prosopis algarobilla Griseb.

Leguminosae.

Argentine Republic. The seeds are sweet and nutritious.

Prosopis dulcis Kunth.

ALGAROBA. CASHAU.

Tropical America. The legumes of this tree, gathered a little before they are ripe, are used in South America to fatten cattle. Later, its seeds, ground to powder, constitute the principal food of many of the inhabitants of Brazil, who call it algaroba. To this species is referred the fruit mentioned by de la Vega as called paccay by the Indians of Peru and guava by the Spaniards, of which he says: "It consists of a pod about a quarta long, more or less, and two fingers in width. On opening it one finds some white stuff exactly like cotton. It is so like, that Spaniards, who did not know the fruit, have been known to scold the Indians who gave it to them to eat, thinking they were offering cotton by way of joke. They are very sweet and after being exposed to the sun, will keep very long. Within the white pulp there is a black pip, like a bean, which is not good to eat." Don says the pulp contained in the pods is very sweet and is eaten in Brazil. Pickering says it is called pacai in Peru, and that its pods are sold in the markets of Lima.

Prosopis juliflora DC.

ALGAROBA. HONEY MESQUITE. MESQUITE. SCREW BEAN.

Tropical America. Cieza de Leon says the pods of this algaroba are "somewhat long and narrow and not so thick as the pods of beans. In some parts they make bread of these algarobas." Markham says the tree is called guaranga. Don says the natives of the coast of Peru and Chile eat the pulp contained in the pods. The abundant fruit is eaten by the Indians and often by the whites. E. L. Greene says the mesquitemeal, which the Indians and Mexicans manufacture by drying and grinding these pods and their contents, is perhaps the most nutritious breadstuff in use among any people. The pods, from seven to nine inches long, of a buff color, are chewed by both Indians and whites as they journey, as a preventive of thirst. The pods in their fresh state are prepared and eaten by the Indians and are among the luxuries of the Apaches, Pimas, Maricopas, Tumas and other tribes of New Mexico, Utah, Nevada and southern California. A gum exudes from the tree which closely resembles gum arabic.

Prosopis pubescens Benth.

SCREW BEAN OR SCREW-POD MESQUITE. TORNILLA.

Texas, Mexico and California. The pods are pounded into meal and are used as food by the Indians. Whipple says it forms a favorite article of food with the Indians of the Gila and Colorado rivers. Greene says it has the same nutritious properties as P. juliflora.

Prosopis spicigera Linn.

Persia and East Indies. The mealy, sweetish substance which surrounds the seeds is an article of food in the Punjab, Gujarat and the Deccan. The pods are collected before they are quite ripe, and the mealy pulp is eaten raw, or boiled with vegetables, salt and butter.

Protea mellifera Thunb.

Proteaceae. HONEY-FLOWER. SUGARBUSH.

South Africa. In the Cape Colony, a saccharine fluid is obtained from the flowers called bush-syrup.