Pouteria duclitan (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Pouteria duclitan (Blanco) Baehni

Protologue: Candollea 9: 283 (1942).


  • Planchonella nitida (Blume) Dubard (1912),
  • Planchonella duclitan (Blanco) Bakh.f. (1963),
  • Xantolis nitida (Blume) Baehni (1965).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: karet anjing (Sundanese, Java), nyato (Javanese, Java), sambiring (Sulawesi)
  • Philippines: duklitan, malayhot (Tagalog), bungalong (Iloko).


Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Irian Jaya.


The timber is used as nyatoh for carving, inlaying, musical instruments, cabinet work, picture frames, household implements, matches and fan ribs, especially in the Philippines ("white nato"). The wood is not durable, and rarely used in house-building.


  • A medium-sized to large tree up to 50 m tall, with a straight bole up to 150 cm in diameter, sometimes even more, but in the Philippines usually less (up to 100 cm).
  • Leaves evenly distributed, elliptical-obovate or elliptical-ovate, with distinct reticulate to slightly transverse tertiary venation, glabrous on both sides.
  • Flowers in clusters on leafless or nearly leafless axillary shoots or in axillary clusters, on slender pedicels 2-9 mm long, whitish-green.
  • Fruit ovoid, obovoid or globose, 1.2-3.5 cm long, glabrous except at base, orange to blackish green.

P. duclitan is locally fairly common at low and medium altitudes, e.g. in the Philippines and central and eastern Java (up to 1200 m). In Java it is found in periodically inundated localities and on limestone in teak forest, mixed and secondary forest. The wood is moderately heavy (with a density of about 650 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content) and moderately hard.

Selected sources

35, 36, 175, 318, 480, 484, 486, 579, 732.

Main genus page


  • R.H.M.J. Lemmens (selection of species)