Phyllanthus gomphocarpus (PROSEA)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo PROSEA.png
Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Phyllanthus gomphocarpus Hook.f.

Family: Euphorbiaceae


  • Phyllanthus accrescens J.J. Smith.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia, Malaysia: chermela hutan
  • Thailand: phakwan-changkhlong (Nakhon Si Thammarat).


Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia, Sumatra and Java.


The fruit is edible but acid. Crushed young leaves are used to heal wounds.


  • Erect shrub, up to 3 m tall.
  • Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 1-6 cm × 1-2.5 cm.
  • Male flowers small, panicled, female flowers large, solitary.
  • Fruit a subglobose trilobed capsule, about 1-2 cm diameter, with inflated lobes, light-green.
  • Seeds small.

In hilly areas in shady primary forest, up to 800 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.
  • Ridley, H.N., 1922-1925. The Flora of the Malay Peninsula. 5 Volumes. Government of the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. L. Reeve & Co., London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen