Pholiurus incurvus (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Hordeum spontaneum
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Pholiurus incurvus (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Phragmites communis
Pholiurus incurvus
Pholiurus incurvus
Pholiurus incurvus


Pholiurus incurvus (L.) Schinz et Tell.

Local name:

  • Russian: Чешуехвостник изогнутый - češuehvostnik izognutyj

Chromosome number: 2n = 36 (Parodi 1946); 2n = 38 (Runemark 1962).

Description and morphology: Annual plant (height 5–30 cm), glabrous. Stem: enveloped by leaf sheath, decumbent or ascending numerous. Leaves: rolled or flat; upper sheath inflated, enclosing spike. Spikes numerous (5–8 cm long, 1–2 mm wide); 10–20 spiculates strongly bent or curved; spikelets (4–6 mm), glumes long, acuminate; 2 lodicules; 3 stamens.

Reproduction: Sexual. Cleistogamous. Fruit: caryopsis oblong with apical appendage.

Pastoral importance: Poor. Grazed by camels.

Fodder value: Poor.

Habitat: Halophyte. Common on loamy and clay soils, saline flats, salt-marshes and solonetz.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Central Asia (Irano-Turanian region) and Euro-Siberia.