Mangifera havilandii (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Mangifera havilandii Ridley

Family: Anacardiaceae

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: asam bulitisan, bajam lian (Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: asam raba (Sarawak), asam damaran (Sabah).


Borneo, widely distributed but rare.


The fruit is small but sweet.


  • Tree, up to 35 m tall.
  • Leaves elliptic to obovate-oblong, 8-18 cm × 3-7 cm, coriaceous.
  • Stamens 4, 1 fertile.
  • Fruit a broadly ovoid to ellipsoid drupe, ca. 3 cm × 2 cm, black, flesh pale pink.

In primary lowland forest, often in freshwater swamp forest or inundated areas, up to 300 m altitude. Flowering in October-November, fruiting in March-October, main season in May.

Selected sources

  • Bompard, J.M. & Kostermans, A.J.G.H., 1985. Wild Mangifera species in Kalimantan, Indonesia. In: Mehra, K.L. & Sastrapradja, S. (Editors): Proceedings of the International Symposium on South East Asian Plant Genetic Resources, 20-24 August 1985, Jakarta. Lembaga Biologi Nasional LIPI, Bogor. pp. 172-174.
  • Mukherjee, S.K., 1985. Systematic and ecogeographic studies on crop genepools 1. Mangifera L. IBPGR, Rome. 86 pp.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen