Lantana camara (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Lantana camara L.


Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 627 (1753).

Synonyms

Lantana aculeata L. (1753).

Vernacular names

  • Sage, wild sage (En)
  • Indonesia: kembang telek, tembelekan (Javanese), saliara (Sundanese)
  • Malaysia: bunga pagar, bunga tahi ayam, jebat harimau (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: koronitas, kantutay (Tagalog), baho-baho (Bisaya)
  • Thailand: kaam kung (Mae Hong Son), khee kae (Pranchin Buri), yeesun (Trang)
  • Vietnam: cây trâm ổi, cây bông ổi, cây tứ quí.

Distribution

Native to tropical America, but introduced and naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics.

Uses

In South-East Asia the leaves (and sometimes the wet, ground roots) are applied to cuts, ulcers, swellings and to treat rheumatism, a decoction of the leaves and flowers is used to treat constipation, as a febrifuge, diaphoretic and stimulant, and to relieve catarrh and bronchitis. A decoction of the roots is used to treat toothache, headache, inflammation, gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea. L. camara is used as an ornamental and in hedges.

Observations

  • An erect or subscandent much-branched shrub, up to 5 m tall, stems square or 3-angled, often bearing hooked prickles, highly aromatic.
  • Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, ovate to oblong-ovate, 5-8 cm × 3-5.5 cm, petiole 1.5-3 cm long.
  • Inflorescence flat or hemispherical subcapitate.
  • Flowers with corolla tube extending to 12 mm long during anthesis, often slightly curved, orange-yellow or orange to pink, white, or variegated, changing to red or scarlet.
  • Fruit a globose glossy drupe, deep blue when ripe.

L. camara occurs from sea-level to 1700 m altitude in relatively open and disturbed, not too moist habitats. It is mainly a weed of plantation crops and pastures. Due to the toxicity of leaves and seeds it is a serious threat to sheep and cattle.

Selected sources

92, 97, 129, 202, 332, 350, 468, 578, 650, 968, 979, 1035, 1065, 1089, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1126, 1128, 1178, 1213, 1321, 1322, 1323, 1558, 1561, 1572.

Authors

Florentina Indah Windadri & J.L.C.H. van Valkenburg