Ixiolirion tataricum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Introduction
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Ixiolirion tataricum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Dorema sabulosum
Ixiolirion tataricum
Ixiolirion tataricum


Ixiolirion tataricum (Pall.) Herb. ex R.

Local name:

  • Russian: Иксиолирион татарский - iksiolirion tatarskij
  • Tatar: Chuchmomasi
  • Uzbek: Chuchmoma, Chuch-momo

Chromosome number: 2n = 12 (Grant 1982)

Description and morphology: Perennial, tubercle-bulbous plant (height 8–30 cm). Bulb deeply buried, membranous, oval (1.5–2.5 cm), dark brown. Stem: erect, glabrous. Leaves: linear (2–10 mm wide) with rough margins; lower parts embrace the base of the stem. Flowers: 2–3 cm diameter, bell-shaped; petals dark blue or different shades of violet. Inflorescence: terminal, raceme, flowers in clusters at 3–4.

Reproduction: Flowering: May–June. Fruit maturation: June–July.

Pastoral importance: Poor forage. Grazed mostly in spring.

Fodder value: Little data. Bulb contains alkaloids, glycosides, sugar and pitches (resin).

Economic interest: Medicinal. In spring, local people use the juicy hairy bulb as a vegetable and an extract of the plant is used as a remedy for gastric disease in children.

Habitat: Occurs on clay, sandy and stony soils, usually as isolated plants, but occasionally in patches of many plants. Sometimes occurs in the adyr and high mountains (1800–2000 m).

Distribution: Middle and Central Asia, Kashmir, Kazakhstan and Trans-Caucasus. Also extends to Sinai (Egypt).