Iris longiscapa (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Smirnowia turkestana
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Iris longiscapa (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Iris songarica
Iris longiscapa
Iris longiscapa
Iris longiscapa
Iris longiscapa

Iris longiscapa Ldb.

Local name:

  • Russian: Ирис, касатик - iris, kasatik
  • Turkmen: Teke-sakal

Description and morphology: Very similar to I. songarica. Perennial plant (height 50–75 cm). Short rhizomes, creeper, consisting of small nut-shaped bulbs, giving numerous thick roots, covered from above by remains of leaf fibre. Flowering stems shorter than I. songarica. Leaves: all in basal rosette, linearly filiform, lunate, elongated; 3 involucral bracts, sharply acuminated at top, slender, sometimes almost entirely membranous or at least with wide scarious margins. Flowers: bisexual; actinomorphic, 2–3 lilac-violet, some smaller sizes than I. songarica. Perianth segments oblong, yellow, slender (4–5 cm long), crested, completely glabrous or sparsely hairy.

Reproduction: Sexual and vegetative. Flowering and fruit maturation: April–May. Fruits: Loculicidal capsule 3-edged (4–6 cm long), acuminate.

Pastoral importance: Dry leaves often harvested for litter for cattle in barns.

Fodder value: None.

Habitat: Mostly psammophyte. Occurs on coarse gritty sand.

Distribution: Endemic. Central Asia (Kyzylkum, Karakum and Turkmenistan).