Hypecoum parviflorum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Cistanche flava
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Hypecoum parviflorum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Papaver pavoninum
Hypecoum parviflorum
Hypecoum parviflorum

Hypecoum parviflorum K. et K.

Local name:

  • Russian: Гипекоум повислый - gipekoum povislyj
  • Uzbek: Maydagul hypecoum
  • Turkmen: Shateret, Keik-ot

Chromosome number: 2n = 12 (Fedorov 1969).

Description and morphology: Annual herb (5–40 cm), greyish-green to glaucous, smells of curry when dried, glabrous. Leaves: lower – 2–3 pinnatisected, ultimate lobes linear; ultimate leaflets narrow. Inflorescence: 1–12-flowered. Flowers: bisexual; (0.6–1.0 cm), sepals (2.0– 3.5 mm long, 1.0–2.5 mm wide), acute, caduceus. Outer petals 5–8 (2.5–5.0 mm), pale yellow-orange, rhombic; inner petals with black spots. Lateral lobes 1/2 the length of lamina of central broadly elliptical lobe; filaments sometimes with black spots.

Reproduction: Sexual. Fruit: dehiscent capsule, straight, not thickened at septa (2–3 mm diameter), pendulous on deflexed pedicel. Seed: dark brown.

Pastoral importance: Not grazed because of narcotic substances.

Habitat: Frequently occurs in coastal sandy soils, sandy shores and plains.

Distribution: Central Asia, Central Europe, Mediterranean region and West Asia.