Hopea montana (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Hopea montana Sym.

Protologue: Journ. Mal. Br. Roy. As. Soc. 19, 2: 141, pl. 1A (1941).

Vernacular names

  • Malaysia: merawan gunong (Peninsular), selangan bukit (Sabah).


Peninsular Malaysia, central Sumatra and Sabah.


The timber is used as merawan.


  • A medium-sized tree, bole often poorly shaped with a diameter of up to 60 cm and prominent buttresses, tending to be stilted, bark surface smooth, chocolate brown, inner bark dull brown tinged pink, sapwood pale yellow; tree entirely glabrous.
  • Leaves ovate-lanceolate, cuspidate, 6.5-9 cm × 2-4 cm, thin leathery, base abruptly cuneate, acumen up to 1 cm long, venation subdryobalanoid, midrib obscurely depressed above, secondary veins about 14 pairs, arched, ascending, with many shorter veins in between.
  • Flowers unknown.
  • 2 longer fruit calyx lobes up to 5 cm × 1.2 cm, subacute, tapering to base, 3 shorter ones up to 10 mm × 3 mm, ovate, frequently shortly winged apically.

H. montana is rare and occurs on hill slopes in dipterocarp forest up to 1200 m altitude. The density of the wood is 785-915 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

100, 258, 476, 677, 748.

Main genus page


  • K.M. Kochummen (selection of species),
  • F.T. Frietema (selection of species)