Hopea bracteata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Hopea bracteata Burck

Protologue: Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 239 (1887).


  • Balanocarpus curtisii King (1893),
  • Balanocarpus bracteatus (Burck) Merr. (1921),
  • Hopea minima Sym. (1939).

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: merawan padi
  • Indonesia: merawan mas (general), bangkirai amas (South Kalimantan), nyerakat (East Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: merawan ungu, damar mata kucing, tempunai (Peninsular).


Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, south-eastern Kalimantan).


The timber is used as merawan and is suitable for door and window frames, particle board and, when treated, railway sleepers. A dark resin can be obtained from the tree.


  • Small, occasionally medium-sized tree of up to 30 m tall, bole straight, cylindrical, frequently hollow, occasionally with smears of dammar, with a diameter of up to 90 cm and prominent stilt roots or thin buttresses of up to 70 cm tall, bark surface, dark brown and grey mottled, hoop-marked, inner bark pale yellow-brown, sapwood cream gradually changing to pale brown, heartwood soft; young parts shortly persistently puberulent.
  • Leaves narrowly ovate, 2.5-6 cm × 0.7-2 cm, thin, base cuneate, acumen up to 1.5 cm long, venation subdryobalanoid, midrib depressed above, secondary veins about 11 pairs, slender, with slightly less distinct secondaries in between, strongly curved, at 55-65°.
  • Stamens 15, ovary and stylopodium glabrous, cylindrical, truncate, style short.
  • Fruit calyx lobes up to 5 mm × 5 mm, subequal, broadly ovate, obtuse, incrassate at base.

H. bracteata is locally abundant on spurs and ridges below 650 m altitude. The density of the wood is 525-945 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

30, 102, 253, 258, 321, 359, 476, 677, 748.

Main genus page


  • K.M. Kochummen (selection of species),
  • F.T. Frietema (selection of species)