Hodgsonia macrocarpa (PROSEA)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo PROSEA.png
Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn.

Family: Cucurbitaceae


  • Hodgsonia capniocarpa Ridley.

Vernacular names

  • Kadam seed (En)
  • Indonesia: akar kepayang, akar kepawang (Java), bilungking (Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: akar kepayang, kelepayang, terua
  • Cambodia: kh'ingz
  • Laos: khùa 'mak khing
  • Thailand: making (northern), man-khrua (central), payae (Pattani)
  • Vietnam: sén, beo, dai hái.


India, Thailand, Indo-China, southern China, western Malesia.


The seeds are eaten cooked or roasted. The seeds also produce an edible oil which is also used in traditional medicine. The leaves are used to cure ulceration of the nose, and a decoction is drunk against fever. The plant is also used in dyeing.


  • Dioecious climbing herb, attaining 20-30 m length.
  • Leaves trilobed, 15-25 cm long and wide.
  • Fruit a subglobose berry, 7-12 cm × 10-16 cm, red-brown, 10-12-ridged.
  • Seeds 6-12, thick, compressed ovoid, 3-7 cm × 3 cm × 1-2 cm.

In forests and woody savannas, up to 1700 m altitude. In China yield of oil is 2.5 kg/plant per year.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (various authors), 1960-. Vol. 1-24. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.
  • Mansfeld, R. & Schultze Motel, J., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kuturpflanzen. 2nd ed. 4 Volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 1998 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen