Hibiscus syriacus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Hibiscus syriacus L.

Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 695 (1753).

Vernacular names

  • Syrian hibiscus, rose of Sharon (En)
  • Philippines: gumamelang asul (Tagalog)
  • Thailand: chabaa cheen (central)
  • Vietnam: hồng cận biếc, mộc cận.


H. syriacus originates in China and Taiwan, but is now cultivated worldwide as an ornamental.


The dried flowers are used as a diuretic, and against skin complaints. The leaves are applied as a stomachic, hypolipidaemic and tonic and the mucilaginous bark and root are used as a demulcent.


A smooth, erect shrub, 2-5 m tall; leaves cuneiform-ovate, up to 8 cm long, 3-lobed, lateral ones short, rounded, the terminal one elongated, pointed, margins toothed, nectary absent, glabrous; calyx 1.5-2 cm long, deeply lobed, flowers normally pale bluish-violet, with a dark centre, sometimes variegated, not opening fully, petals obovate, 3-6 cm long; seed reniform, long hairy. In H. syriacus , many cultivars are distinguished, often with double flowers.

Selected sources

786, 788, 810, 1117.


Undang A. Dasuki