Gnetum latifolium (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Gnetum latifolium Blume

Family: Gnetaceae


  • Gnetum indicum (Lour) Merr. (partly).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: tangkil, trangkil, oyod esch (Java)
  • Malaysia: akar tutubo, akar suburus
  • Philippines: koliat (Tagalog), bulso (Bisaya), kaliat (Ilokano)
  • Cambodia: khlaôt, khlôôt
  • Laos: mwàyz
  • Thailand: mamuai (Surin)
  • Vietnam: gâ'm lá rông, dây sót lá rông.


From the Andamans, peninsular Thailand and Tonkin throughout Malesia to New Ireland. Occasionally also cultivated.


Seeds are eaten roasted or cooked. The fibre of the inner bark is used for twisting thread, string and cordage. Young leaves are used as a vegetable.


  • Large liana, rather variable in all characteristics.
  • Inflorescences lax, branched, 12-15 cm long.
  • Fruit stalked, nutlike, ellipsoidal, 1.5-2.5 cm × 1-1.5 cm, pink, outer envelope fleshy, shining.
  • Seed broad oblongoid.

In rain forest up to 1800 m altitude. Four botanical varieties are distinguished, mainly differing in leaf and fruit size, including var. funiculare (Blume) Markgraf.

Selected sources

  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen