Ficus lepicarpa (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Ficus lepicarpa Blume

Family: Moraceae

Vernacular names

  • Saraca fig (En)
  • Indonesia: iyubyub etem (Javanese), buku-buku (Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: kelupang gajah
  • Philippines: sulu-talobog (Bisaya)
  • Thailand: chalukpho (Nakhon Si Thammarat).


Burma, Thailand and throughout Malesia.


The fruits are edible. Young shoots are eaten raw as a vegetable.


  • Tree, 5-15 m tall.
  • Leaves oblong to obovate, 11-32 cm × 4-15 cm.
  • Fruit a fig, ovoid or broadly ellipsoid, 1-3 cm in diameter, yellow-brown, often 1-2 together in axils of leaves.

In humid forests, typical on rocky banks of rivers, up to 1700 m altitude. Four varieties have been distinguished.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1988. Wayside trees of Malaya. 3rd ed. 2 Volumes. The Malaysian Nature Society. United Selangor Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 774 pp.
  • Koorders, S.H. & Valeton, Th., 1894 1914. Bijdrage tot de kennis der boomsoorten van Java [Contribution to the knowledge of tree species of Java]. 13 Volumes. G. Kolff & Co., Batavia.
  • Ochse, J.J. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1980. Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. 2nd ed. Asher & Co, Amsterdam. 1016 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen