Eulophia-Exocarpus (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Eugenia
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Eulophia-Exocarpus (Sturtevant, 1919)
Fagopyrum-Ferula


Eulophia campestris Wall.

Orchideae. SALEP.

East Indies. This plant furnishes the salep collected in Cashmere.

Eulophia herbacea Lindl.

SALEP.

East Indies. This species furnishes the salep of the Indian bazaars known as saleb misri.

Euonymus japonicus Linn. f.

Celastraceae. JAPANESE SPINDLE TREE.

China and Japan. In China, the leaves of this tree are eaten when young.

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl.

Compositae.

Tropical America. An infusion of the leaves has an agreeable and somewhat spicy taste and is a good diet drink. Dyer says the plant is now chiefly cultivated at the island of Bourbon, for the purpose of being dried and sent to France, where it is used as a tea substitute.

Euphorbia balsamifera Ait.

Euphorbiaceae. BALSAM SPURGE.

Canary Islands. Its juice is thickened to a jelly and eaten by the natives.

Euphorbia canariensis Linn.

Canary Islands. The natives of Teneriffe are in the habit of removing the bark and then sucking the inner portion of the stem to quench their thirst.

Euphorbia edulis Lour.

Cochin China. It is mentioned as a potherb.

Euphorbia lathyris Linn.

CAPER SPURGE.

Southern Europe. The seeds are used as a substitute for capers but, says Johnson, they are extremely acrid and require long steeping in salt and water and afterwards in vinegar.

Euphoria informis Poir.

Sapindaceae.

Cochin China. Its fruit is eaten in China.

Euryale ferox Salisb.

Nymphaeceae. GORGON. PRICKLY WATER-LILY.

East India and China. This aquatic plant is frequently cultivated in India and China for its floury seeds. In China, it is said to have been in cultivation for upwards of 3000 years. The fruit is round, soft, pulpy and the size of a small orange; it contains from 8 to 15 round, black seeds as large as peas, which are eaten roasted. The pulp is also eaten. Smith says, in China, it is much cultivated for the stems, rhizomes and seeds, all of which contain much starch and are eaten.

Euterpe edulis Mart.

Palmae. ASSAI PALM.

Tropical America. The long, terminal bud of this Brazilian palm is pronounced by Gardner equal to asparagus in flavor when cooked.

Euterpe montana R. Grah.

Islands of New Spain. The terminal leaf-bud is used as a cabbage.

Euterpe oleracea Mart.

ASSAI PALM.

Brazil. Bates says the fruit forms a universal article of diet in all parts of Brazil. It is the size of a cherry, round and contains but a small portion of pulp, which is made, with the addition of water, into a thick, violetcolored beverage. Mrs. Agassiz pronounces this diet drink as very good, eaten with sugar and farina of the mandioc. The terminal leaf-bud is used as a cabbage.

Eutrema wasabi Maxim.

Cruciferae. JAPANESE HORSERADISH.

Japan. This is Japanese horseradish, which grows wild on the coast and is cultivated in small quantities, rasped and eaten with fish. The best roots are cultivated only in clear spring water running down the mountain valleys.

Evernia prunastri Linn.

Lichenes. ACH.

Northern Europe, America and Asia. This lichen was observed by Sibthorp and Bory on the branches of plum and other trees throughout Greece and around Constantinople. According to Forskal, it is imported in shiploads from Greece into Egypt and mixed in bread. According to Lindley, it has a peculiar power of imbibing and retaining odors.

Exocarpus cupressiformis Labill.

Santalaceae. AUSTRALIAN CURRANTS.

Australia. The fruit is eaten and is made into preserves.