Eucalyptus tereticornis (PROSEA)
Eucalyptus tereticornis J.E. Smith
- Protologue: Spec. bot. New Holland 1: 41 (1795).
- Eucalyptus subulata Cunn. ex Schauer (1843),
- Eucalyptus insignis Naudin (1891),
- Eucalyptus umbellata (Gaertner) Domin (1928) non Desf.
- Forest red gum (En).
Southern Papua New Guinea, eastern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria, Australia. Cultivated in Papua New Guinea, on a large scale in India, less extensively in other tropical countries.
The wood is used for heavy construction, railway sleepers, piles, poles and as a mining timber. It is also used for fuelwood, charcoal, pulpwood, hardboard and particle board. The species is used for reforestation. E. tereticornis is a major source of pollen and nectar; the nectar has a caramel flavour.
- A large tree of up to 50 m tall, bole straight, up to 200 cm in diameter, bark smooth throughout, white, grey or grey-blue.
- Juvenile leaves first opposite, then alternate, ovate, slightly discolorous, adult leaves alternate, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, 10-20 cm × 1-2.5 cm, acuminate, petiole 13-24 mm long.
- Inflorescence simple, umbels 7-11-flowered.
- Flower buds conical, operculum conical.
- Fruit subglobular to ovoid, 5-7 mm × 4-8 mm, with 4 or 5 strongly exserted valves.
E. tereticornis grows scattered in open forest on alluvial flats up to 1000 m altitude.
63a, 85, 130, 232, 322a, 343, 359, 540.
Main genus page
- C.C.H. Jongkind (selection of species)