Erianthus purpurascens (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Eremopyrum orientale
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Erianthus purpurascens (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Hordeum spontaneum
Erianthus purpurascens


Erianthus purpurascens Anders.

Local name:

  • Russian: Ериантус краснеющий (Шерстицвет, пухоцвет, бородач) - eriantus krasnejuščij (šersticvet, puhocvet, borodač)
  • Turkmen, Uzbek: Kalam, Khysha, Ak-Sane, Ok-Kamysh
  • Kazakh: Erkek-Sane, Erkek-Kamysh

Chromosome number: 2n = 20 (Celarier 1956; Janaki Ammal 1941); 2n = 60 (Bremer 1925).

Description and morphology: Perennial large grass (height 4–6 m) making a tough turf (diameter up to 1 m). Stem: from creeping rhizomes and stolons. Leaves: numerous, narrowly linear (up to 1 m long, 1.5 cm wide), sharp-rough on margins.

Reproduction: Sexual and vegetative. Flowering: June–October.

Pastoral importance: Hardly touched, except when green. Hay consumed by camels, horses, and, more rarely, sheep. Potential for silagemaking.

Fodder value: Poor quality roughage.

Economic interest: Mostly used as construction material and for fuel.

Habitat: Hydrophyte. Occurs in tugaï and river banks on loamy-gravelly soils.

Distribution: Middle and Central Asia.