Eremurus inderiensis (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Ziziphora tenuior
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Eremurus inderiensis (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Gagea elegans
Eremurus inderiensis
Eremurus inderiensis
Eremurus ammophilus
Eremurus anisopterus
Eremurus anisopterus


Eremurus inderiensis (Stev.) Rgl.

Local name:

  • Russian: Ширяш индерский, Эремурус индерский - širjaš inderskij, èremurus inderskij
  • Uzbek: Shiryash, Cheresh

Chromosome number: 2n = 14 (Prozina 1937; Fedorov 1969).

Description and morphology: Perennial, shortlived herb (height 100–150 cm) with a short, thick stalk (up to 2 cm diameter) bearing the inflorescence; numerous rhizomes and clusters of tuberous roots. Leaves: basal, in dense rosettes, linear. Flowers: many, in elongated racemes.

Reproduction: Sexual and vegetative. Flowering and fruit maturation: April–May. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, globose, dehiscing by 3 valves. Seed: large erect embryo and fleshy or hard endosperm. Dormancy B1 type. Darksensitive.

Pastoral importance: None. Not eaten by livestock when green; occasionally grazed by camels.

Economic interest: Used for glue-making and in the textile industry.

Habitat: Present in dense stands on sandy, sandy-loam soils; on abandoned cultivated fields, overgrazed areas and stony hills in semidesert/ desert and hills.

Distribution: Central Asia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and Iran.

Other: Eremurus spp.