Durio testudinarum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Durio testudinarum Becc.

Protologue: Malesia 3: 245, t. 13, 14, 36, fig. 17-19 (1889).
Family: Bombacaceae

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia, Malaysia: durian kura, luyian beramatai (Borneo).


Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah and western Kalimantan); sometimes cultivated (e.g. in Brunei).


The wood is reputed to be used as durian. The fleshy yellow arils around the seeds are edible.


  • A medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, with bole up to 40 cm in diameter having low and rounded buttresses.
  • Leaves elliptical, 19-26 cm × 6-9 cm, densely appressed scaly below.
  • Flowers in clusters on gnarls on the trunk where they form a collar about 15-30 cm above the ground; petals up to 70 mm long, white, stamens in bundles united at base into a long tube, opening by a slit.
  • Fruit a globose capsule 10-15 cm in diameter, greenish-yellow, superficially 5-lobed, covered with conical-pyramidal spines 7-10 mm long, fruit stalk 8-10 cm long.
  • Seed completely covered with a yellow aril.

D. testudinarum is closely related to and possibly conspecific with D. affinis. D. testudinarum occurs in lowland mixed dipterocarp forest, often in hilly country; in Sarawak it is locally frequent on clay-rich well-drained soils up to 700 m altitude. The density of the wood is 520-740 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

  • Kostermans, A.J.G.H., 1958. The genus Durio Adans. (Bombacaceae). Reinwardtia 4: 357-460.

26, 77, 99, 312, 576, 673. timbers


  • P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen