Durio lowianus (PROSEA)
Durio lowianus Scort. ex King
- Protologue: Journ. As. Soc. Beng. pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 60: 51 (1891).
- Family: Bombacaceae
- Durio wrayi King. (1891),
- Durio zibethinus Murray var. roseiflorus Corner (1939).
- Malaysia: durian daun, durian sepeh, durian au (Peninsular)
- Thailand: thurian-don (peninsular).
Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.
The wood is reputed to be used as durian. The fleshy aril around the seed is edible.
- A medium-sized to large tree up to 50 m tall, with bole up to 90 cm in diameter having steep, short buttresses, bark surface minutely reticulately fissured, flaking into irregular scales, purplish-brown.
- Leaves oblong or ovate-oblong, 8-18 cm × 3-7 cm, densely to sparsely scaly below.
- Flowers in many-flowered axillary cymes, petals up to 30 mm long, bright red, stamens in 5 bundles, opening by a slit
- Fruit a globose, ovoid or ellipsoid capsule, up to 25 cm long, outside green or yellowish, similar to that of the real durian, but smaller and with slender spines.
- Aril dark yellow.
D. lowianus is closely related to D. dulcis but differs in the fruit colour. It occurs in rain forest up to 150 m altitude. The density of the wood is 560-730 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.
- Kostermans, A.J.G.H., 1958. The genus Durio Adans. (Bombacaceae). Reinwardtia 4: 357-460.
12, 78, 104, 140, 312, 463, 465, 673, 705, 724. timbers
P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen