Dracaena angustifolia (PROSEA)
Dracaena angustifolia Roxb.
- Protologue: Fl. ind. (Carey ed.) 2: 155 (1832).
Pleomele angustifolia (Roxb.) N.E.Br. (1914).
- Indonesia: suji (Sundanese), semar (Javanese), pendusta utan (Ambon)
- Philippines: malasambal, taligbuhuk (Tagalog), pasiu (Ibanag)
- Thailand: khon maa khaao (central), phak kon maa (Lampang), phraao phan lam (Chiang Mai)
- Vietnam: phất dủ hẹp, bồng bồng.
India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, Java, the Philippines, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, New Guinea and northern Australia.
In the Moluccas a decoction of the roots is used to treat gonorrhoea, the leaves are applied externally to treat beri-beri and the leaf-sap to promote hair growth. The leaves are also used to colour vegetable oils and food green, and the leaf-sap as a dye for painting. Cooked tips of D. angustifolia plants are eaten as a vegetable. D. angustifolia is commonly planted as an ornamental and hedge plant.
An erect shrub or small tree up to 6(-8) m tall, often much-branched; leaves linear-lanceolate, narrowed above the sheathing base, very acute; inflorescence paniculate, branched, up to 75 cm long; flowers yellowish-white, with perianth c. 2.5 cm long; fruit globose to 3-lobed, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, bright orange, 1-3-seeded. D. angustifolia is a variable species that occurs in open forest, forest borders and on rocky coasts, up to 1000 m altitude; it is also cultivated in gardens and hedges.
62, 121, 334, 689.
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