Dipterocarpus borneensis (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dipterocarpus borneensis v. Slooten

Protologue: Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 16: 445, f. 6 (1940).

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: keruing sindor (Malay), resak kerangas (Iban)
  • Indonesia: keruing daun halus (general), awang buah (East Kalimantan), tempudau (South Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: keruing sindor (Sarawak).


Eastern coastal Sumatra and Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Brunei).


The timber is used as keruing, but is very resinous.


  • A medium-sized tree of up to 30 m tall, bole often of poor shape, up to 64 cm in diameter and with low, rounded buttresses, bark surface with corky pustules, pale orange-brown, tending to turn pale greyish-white; buds ovoid, densely pinkish buff pubescent.
  • Leaves broadly ovate to elliptical, 7-12 cm × 3-7 cm, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, acumen to 8 mm long, secondary veins 9-12 pairs, lower surface sparsely shortly caducous pubescent on the veins, petiole 1.5-2.5 cm long, sparsely pubescent, stipules linear, acute; stamens about 25.
  • Fruit calyx tube narrowly ovoid to ellipsoid, with 5 narrow wings, glabrous, 2 larger fruit calyx lobes up to 7.5 cm × 1.8 cm, 3 shorter ones about 5 mm × 4 mm.

D. borneensis is widespread but owing to its edaphic preferences mainly subcoastal. It occurs in heath forest on podzols or giant podzols below 350 m altitude. The density of the wood is 690-900 kg/m3at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

30, 31, 258, 748.

Main genus page


  • T. Smitinand (selection of species),
  • C. Phengklai (selection of species),
  • L.E. Groen (selection of species)