Diospyros toposia

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Popular Names

  • Bengali: toposi, gulal (Wealth of India)
  • Tamil: karunduvarai, tuvarai (Wealth of India)
  • Assam: thing-bong (Wealth of India)
  • Malaysia: keruming besi, kayu arang pokok itan mati (PROSEA)

Classification and nomenclature


  • Diospyros incisa Buch.-Ham. ex Wallich (1831)
  • Diospyros racemosa Roxb. (1832) (correct name for Plant List)
  • Diospyros foveo-reticulata Merr. (1909)
  • Diospyros collinsae Craib. (1920)

Main uses

  • wood: black ebony
  • fruit: edible; used as fish poison
  • gum from tree against toothache

Main references

  • PROSEA 5(2), 1995. Plant resources of South-East Asia. vol. 5(2). Timber trees : minor commercial timbers. ed. by R.H.M.J. Lemmens, I. Soerianegara & W.C. Wong. Leiden/Wageningen, Backhuys/PROSEA. (Bogor, PROSEA, 1995). 655 p.
  • Wealth of India (The), 1952. A dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Vol. 3. Raw materials : D-E. New-Delhi, Council of scientific and industrial research. XX-236-XXX p., 22 pl., index vol. 1-3.




link to IPNI page

link to Prota4U page