Dendrobium nobile (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dendrobium nobile Lindl.

Protologue: Gen. sp. orchid. pl.: 79 (1830).


Dendrobium lindleyanum Griffith (1851).

Vernacular names

  • Thailand: ueang khao kiu (northern)
  • Vietnam: thạch hộc, kim thoa thạch hộc, hoàng thảo.


From the Himalayas to China, Indo-China and Thailand; in Malesia cultivated as an ornamental.


D. nobile is the most widely used among Dendrobium , and is considered tonic, stomachic and sialagogue. It is prescribed in mild fever following illness, thirst from stress, dryness of mouth and throat, flatulence, anorexia, lumbago and impotence.


A branched herb, stems erect, compressed, furrowed when old, 30-60 cm long, including pseudo-bulbs; leaves distichous, linear-oblong, 7-12 cm × 1-3 cm, lasting for 2 years, subsessile; racemes on leaf-bearing or leafless stems, flowers in clusters of 2-4, 6-8 cm in diameter, sepals and petals mauve, pink to red, paling to white at base, sepals lanceolate, up to 35-45 mm × 15 mm, acute, petals ovate, 40-50 mm × 25 mm, margin somewhat undulate, lip elliptical-ovate, 45 mm × 30 mm, hairy, funnel-shaped at base, throat dark violet, surrounded by yellow or white. D. nobile occurs naturally in dense, humid forest. Many different cultivars have been developed.

Selected sources

407, 459, 569, 678, 739, 786, 946.


Diah Sulistiarini