Delphinium bucharicum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Ceratocephalus falcatus
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Delphinium bucharicum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Amygdalus spinosissima
Delphinium bucharicum
Delphinium bucharicum
Delphinium bucharicum
Delphinium barbatum
Delphinium barbatum
Delphinium camptocarpum
Delphinium camptocarpum
Delphinium songoricum
Delphinium songoricum


Delphinium bucharicum M. Pop.

Local name:

  • Russian: Живокость бухарская - živokost' buharskaja
  • Turkmen: Ak-gyulli
  • Tadjik: Isfarak

Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 32 (Fedorov 1969).

Description and morphology: Annual, erect herb (height 30–50 cm) with short, thick tuberous root. Stem: erect, branching above, adpressed-pubescent white hairs. Leaves: alternate, long-petiolate, sparingly hairy, orbicularcordate, palmate, divided almost to base on 3–5 dentate lobes. Inflorescence: friable manyflowered, irregular raceme. Bracts linear (7– 8 mm long), glabrous or with singular hairs. Flower: bisexual; zygomorphic, conspicuous, whitish-blue; 8 stamens spirally arranged.

Reproduction: Sexual. Flowering: June–July. Fruit maturation: July–August. Fruit: 3 or more, free, many seeded follicles (12–15 mm long), markedly nerved, with an appreciable pubescent tip. Seed: in 2 rows, black covered with round scales.

Pastoral importance: Not grazed by livestock. Reported toxic.

Fodder value: Roots rich in alkaloids during green stage (up to 0.25–0.56% in seeds).

Economic interest: Used in traditional medicine (tincture from aerial parts used to lower blood pressure and for tissue relaxation). Local people extract bright yellow dye from flowers that is used for painting wool, cotton and silk materials.

Habitat: Common on rocky-gravelly soils, on Artemisia-ephemeral adyr range on foothills and low altitude mountainous areas.

Distribution: Endemic. Middle and Central Asia.

Other: Delphinium spp.