Dalbergia latifolia (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

Protologue: Pl. Corom. 2: 7, t. 113 (1799).

Vernacular names

  • Indian rosewood, Bombay blackwood (En)
  • Palisandre de l'Inde (Fr)
  • Indonesia: sonokeling, sonobrits, sonosungu (Java)
  • Vietnam: trắc.


Nepal, western and north-eastern India and Java; planted in mainland South-East Asia, Java and Africa.


The timber is used as sonokeling. The species is planted as shade tree.


  • A medium-sized to large tree of up to 43 m tall, bole straight or slightly twisted and usually branchless for 3-12 m with a diameter of up to 180 cm, buttresses prominent.
  • Leaves with 3-7 leaflets and a straight rachis, leaflets obtuse to emarginate with or without a small cusp.
  • Flowers distinctly pedicellate, corolla white or pale pink, stamens 9, style 1.7-2.5 mm long.
  • Pod 4-9 cm × 1.5-2 cm, with 1-3(-4) seeds.

D. latifolia occurs in evergreen or deciduous forest on deep, well-drained, moist soils up to 600 m altitude in Java, in India much higher. The disjunct distribution is remarkable. The density of the wood is 770-860 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

35, 54, 102, 160, 217, 234, 281, 328, 373, 461, 570, 576, 634, 662, 712, 762.

Main genus page


  • M.S.M. Sosef