Dacrycarpus imbricatus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laubenf.

Protologue: Journ. Arn. Arb. 50: 320 (1969).


Podocarpus imbricatus Blume (1827), Podocarpus cupressina R.Br. ex Mirbel (1925), Podocarpus javanicus auct. non (Burm.f.) Merr.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: jamuju (general), kayu embun (Sumatra, Sulawesi), cemba-cemba (Sulawesi)
  • Philippines: igem. Burma (Myanmar): sha-mo-pin
  • Malaysia: podo chucher atap (Peninsular)
  • Laos: hing2'khièo, pêk dêng, lông leng
  • Thailand: phaya-makhampom dong (eastern), phayamai, sarun (south-eastern)
  • Vietnam: thong nang.


From southern China, Indo-China, Burma (Myanmar) and Thailand throughout the Malesian archipelago towards Vanuatu and Fiji.


D. imbricatus is the most important source of podocarp timber; the wood is used especially in the Philippines, e.g. for utensils, masts, tea chests and carving. In Thailand, it is used for furniture and cabinet work.


A large, majestic tree up to 50 m tall, bole up to 200 cm in diameter; adult leaves imbricate or spreading, straight, scale-like, keeled on 1 to 4 sides, 1.0-1.8 mm × 0.4-1.0 mm, involucral leaves spreading and exposing the receptacle already when this is immature, 2.5-5.0 mm long; receptacle red when ripe; seed about 6 mm long. D. imbricatus is divided into 4 varieties: var. imbricatus , var. patulus de Laubenf. (synonyms: Podocarpus kawaii Hayata, Dacrycarpus kawaii (Hayata) Gaussen), var. robustus de Laubenf. (synonyms Podocarpus papuanus Ridley, Dacrycarpus papuanus (Ridley) Gaussen) and var. curvulus (Miq.) de Laubenf. (synonyms: Podocarpus cupressina R.Br ex Mirbel var. curvula Miq., Podocarpus imbricatus Blume var. curvula (Miq.) Wasscher). They are distinguished on the basis of the leaves being slender or robust and imbricate or spreading. D. imbricatus occurs scattered but is locally common and sometimes co-dominant or dominant as a canopy or emergent tree in primary forest at (0-)700-2500(-3400) m altitude. The density of the wood is 380-770 kg/m3at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

21, 41, 46, 55, 61, 67, 73, 77, 78, 117, 127, 129, 135, 145, 160, 161, 162, 189, 213, 226, 234, 268, 282, 289, 332, 401, 404, 444, 459, 465, 474, 548, 571, 572, 575, 587, 589, 636, 652, 676, 685, 705, 716.