Crescentia alata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Crescentia alata Kunth


Protologue: Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. gen. sp. 3: 158 (1819).

Synonyms

Crescentia trifolia Blanco (1837), Othophora paradoxa Blume (1847), Parmentiera alata (Kunth) Miers (1870).

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: krus-krusan (Tagalog)
  • Thailand: teenpet farang (Bangkok)
  • Vietnam: dào tiên có cánh.

Distribution

C. alata originates from Central America and was introduced to the Philippines by the Spaniards; occasionally cultivated throughout South-East Asia.


Uses

In the Philippines a decoction of the leaves is employed as an astringent and antihaemorrhagic, and is much used in haemoptysis and dysentery. In Thailand, the leaves are used as astringent, against diarrhoea and dysentery. In Central America, a decoction of the leaves or pulp is prescribed in diarrhoea. The pulp is eaten as a pectoral and for diseases of the kidneys. The grounded fruit pulp is sometimes used as a poultry feed supplement.

Observations

A small tree, 5-14 m tall, stem up to 25 cm in diameter, branches crooked, branchlets essentially lacking; leaves simple, oblanceolate, 2-3 cm × 0.5-1 cm, or trifoliolate, leaflets oblanceolate, 1-5 cm × 0.3-1.2 cm, with winged petiole, 2.5-12 cm × 0.3-1.5 cm, all lepidote; flowers solitary or paired, calyx 2-lobed to the base, corolla tube 3-4 cm long, corolla lobes 1-1.5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide at mouth of tube, brownish with brown-purple venation; berry more or less spherical, 7-10 cm in diameter. In Central America, C. alata is a characteristic element of dry savannas.

Selected sources

74, 810, 864, 883, 1119.

Authors

Sri Hayati Widodo