Cladothrix-Cnicus (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Citrus
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Cladothrix-Cnicus (Sturtevant, 1919)
Coccinia-Cochlearia


Cladothrix (Tidestromia) lanuginosa Nutt.

Amaranthaceae.

California and Mexico. According to Schott, the Mexicans use a decoction of the plant as a tea.

Clausena excavata Burm. f.

Rutaceae. WHAMPLE.

East India and Malay Archipelago. This shrub of China and the Moluccas is cultivated in the West Indies. The fruit has a good deal the taste of the grape, accompanied with a peculiar flavor, being very grateful to the palate. The fruit is borne in clusters, resembling, when ripe, a diminutive lemon, about the size of an acom. It contains three large seeds which nearly fill the interior. The scanty pulp has an aniseseed flavor. Williams says in China it is pleasantly acid and held in esteem, as it also is in the Indian archipelago. About two bushels are produced on a tree.

Clavija sp.

Myrsineae (Theophrastaceae).

A genus of South American shrubs or small trees. The fruits are fleshy and contain numerous seeds embedded in a pulp which is said to be eatable. They vary in size, but are seldom larger than a pigeon's egg.

Claydonia rangiferina (Linn.) Web.

Lichenes. REINDEER MOSS.

Northern regions. Reindeer moss is sometimes eaten by the people of Norway and is crisp and agreeable. Reindeer moss, says Kalm, grows plentifully in the woods around Quebec. M. Gaulthier and several other gentlemen told him that the French, on their long voyages through the woods, in pursuit of their fur trade with the Indians, sometimes boil this moss and drink the decoction for want of better food when their provisions are exhausted.

Claytonia caroliniana Michx.

Portulaceae.

Eastern United States. This plant has edible bulbs much prized by Indians.

Claytonia exigua Torr. & Gray.

California. The succulent leaves are in popular use as a potherb in California. C. megarrhiza Parry.

Western North America. This plant has a long, fleshy taproot but it is confined to the summits of the Rocky Mountains and is seldom available.

Claytonia perfoliata Donn.

CUBAN SPINACH.

North America. This species, according to Robinson,10 is cultivated in France as a salad plant. The foliage is used in England, according to Loudon, as a spinach. De Candolle says it is occasionally cultivated there. C. perfoliata of Cuba is an annual employed as a spinach in France in place of purslane. It was first described in 1794 but in 1829 was not named by Noisette for French gardens; in 1855 it was said by De Candolle to be occasionally cultivated as a vegetable in England. It is now included by Vilmorin among French vegetables.

Claytonia sibirica Linn.

SIBERIAN PURSLANE.

Northern Asia and northwestern North America. This species is eaten both raw and cooked by the Indians of Alaska.

Claytonia tuberosa Pall.

Kamchatka and eastern Siberia. The tubers are edible.

Claytonia virginica Linn.

SPRING BEAUTY.

Eastern United States. This species has edible bulbs, much prized by the Indians.

Clematis flammula Linn.

Ranunculaceae. VIRGIN'S BOWER.

Mediterranean countries. The young shoots, when boiled, may be eaten.

Cleome chelidonii Linn.

Capparideae. SPIDER-FLOWER.

East Indies. The seeds are used by the natives as a mustard in their curries, on account of their pungency.

Cleome felina Linn. f.

East Indies. In India, the flowers are used to flavor salads.

Cleome heptaphylla Linn.

American tropics. The leaves are eaten.

Cleome viscosa Linn.

Old World tropics. This plant has an acrid taste, something like mustard, and is eaten by the natives among other herbs as a salad. The seeds, being pungent, are used in curries as a mustard. Its seeds are eaten as a condiment like mustard. The seeds are used in curries.

Clerodendron serratum Spreng.

Verbenaceae.

Tropical India and Burma. Its flowers and leaves are eaten.

Clethra tinifolia Sw.

Ericaceae (Clethraceae). SOAP-WOOD. SWEET PEPPER. WILD PEAR.

Tropical America, Jamaica and southern Brazil. In Jamaica the trees bear a green, roundish berry of which the pulp is sweet, white, mealy and includes a hard, brownish-black stone. These berries are gathered and eaten as a pleasant dessert.

Cleyera theoides Choisy.

Ternstroemiaceae (Theaceae).

West Indies. Henfrey says the leaves of this plant furnish a tea in Panama.

Clidemia sp.?

Melastomaceae. INDIAN CURRANT.

Tropical America. A genus of shrubs the berry of which is fleshy and edible.

Clidemia dependens D. Don.

Peru. This shrub furnishes a gooseberry-like fruit of little value.

Cliffortia ilicifolia Linn.

Rosaceae. EVERGREEN OAK.

South Africa. The leaves have been used in Africa as a tea substitute.6

Clinogyne (Marantochloa) dichotoma Salisb.

Scitamineae (Marantaceae). MARANTA

East Indies and Malays. The maranta is cultivated in the East Indies for arrowroot.

Clitoria ternatea Linn.

Leguminosae. BUTTERFLY PEA.

Mountains of Madagascar and Mauritius. In the Philippines, the pods are sometimes eaten. In Amboina, the flowers are used to tinge boiled rice a cerulean color.

Cnicus eriophorus Roth.

Compositae.

Europe and Asia Minor. This thistle is said to have been cultivated by M. Lecoq in France and is pronounced by him a savory vegetable. The receptacles of this plant, says Lightfoot, are pulpy and esculent, like those of the artichoke.

Cnicus oleraceus Linn.

Northern Europe and Asia. The leaves of this thistle are cooked and eaten by the Russians. In France, it is in flower gardens. The plant is included among vegetables by Vilmorin, although he says it does not appear to be cultivated. The swollen rootstock, gathered before the plant flowers, was formerly used as a table-vegetable. It does not appear to have ever reached American gardens.

Cnicus palustris Willd.

Europe and Asia Minor. In Evelyn's time, the stalks were employed, as were those of the milk-thistle, for food. Lightfoot says the stalks are esculent, after being peeled and boiled.

Cnicus serratuloides Roth.

Siberia. The roots are eaten.

Cnicus virginianus Pursh.

North America. The roots are about the size of carrots, are sweet and well flavored but require a long preparation. They are eaten by the western Indians.