Citrus sinensis (Common names)

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see also bitter orange Citrus aurantium (Common names)

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Names in common use


  • English: orange, sweet orange
  • German: Orange, Apfelsine (north)
  • Dutch: sinaasappel, appelsien
  • Swedish: apelsin
  • Danish: appelsin
  • Norwegian: appelsin
  • Icelandic: appelsína


  • French: oranger / orange, orange douce
  • Italian: arancio / arancia, arancia dolce
  • Spanish: naranjo / naranja
  • Catalan: taronger / taronja (pl. taronges)
  • Portuguese: laranjeira, laranja
  • Romanian: portocal, portocalul dulce / portocală


  • Russian: апельсин - apelsin
  • Polish: pomarańcza; pomarańcza chińska, pomarańcza słodka
  • Czech: pomeranč
  • Slovak: pomaranč
  • Bulgarian: портокал
  • Croatian: naranča
  • Serb: поморанџа, наранџа
  • Slovenian: pomaranča, oranža; sladka pomaranča
  • Macedonian:


  • Latvian: apelsīns
  • Lithuanian: apelsinas
  • Albanian: portokalli
  • Greek: πορτοκαλιά / πορτοκάλι - portokalia / portokali
  • Turkish: portakal
  • Maltese: larinċ (Caruana), larinġ (Cutayar)
  • Hungarian: narancs
  • Finnish: appelsiini
  • Estonian: apelsin, apelsinipuu

Sources and commentaries

  • Note. Most languages do not distinguish sweet and bitter oranges, except for Mediterranean countries where bitter oranges are grown. Orange marmalade only bears the name orange, although it is made with bitter orange.
  • Maltese
    • Caruana Galizia Anne & Caruana Galizia Helen, 1997. The food and cookery of Malta. Totnes (Devon), Prospect Books. 208 p.
    • Cutayar Joseph, 2000. Dictionnaire français-maltais. Paris, L'Harmattan. 432 p.
    • Cutayar Joseph, 2001. Dictionnaire maltais-français. Paris, L'Harmattan. 672 p.