Cichorium intybus Witloof Group (Common names)
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Names in common use
- English: chicory, Brussel chicory, witloof chicory, Belgian endive, French endive
- German: Chicorée
- Dutch: witlof ; witloof (Flemish)
- French: endive; chicorée witloof ; chicon (Belgique, North of France)
- Italian: cicoria belga, cicoria di Bruxelles, cicoria witloof
- Spanish: endive, endibia, achicoria de Bruselas
- Portuguese: endívia, chicória belga, chicória francesa
- Romanian: andivă
- Polish: cykoria sałatowa
- Croatian: belgijska endivija
- Turkish: beyaz hindiba
- Hungarian: cikória
Sources and commentaries
- This crop is very popular in north-eastern Europe. Elsewhere, it is not well known, and its names are not stabilized.
- Dutch (Flemish)
- The root is called peen (a name for carrot).
- Since its introduction to markets in Paris, in the early 20th century, this crop has taken the name endive. In past centuries, endive was the name of Cichorium endivia Scarole Group, and its cognate in most languages retain this meaning, which causes a lot of confusion. The name chicorée witloof is a standard technical name.
- In northern France (the producing area), when roots are forced, producers call carotte the root, and chicon the harvested bud.