Centaurea-Cercis (Sturtevant, 1919)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Cassia-Celtis
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Centaurea-Cercis (Sturtevant, 1919)
Cereus


Centaurea calcitrapa Linn.

Compositae. CALTROPS. STAR THISTLE.

Europe, north Africa and temperate Asia. The young stems and leaves, according to Forskal, are eaten raw in Egypt.

Centaurea chamaerhaponticum Ball.

Mediterranean coasts. In Algeria, according to Desfontaenes, the root is edible and not unpleasant to the taste.

Centaurea pygmaea Benth. & Hook. f.

Mediterranean countries. The roots have an agreeable flavor and are eaten by the Arabs in some parts of Africa.

Centranthus macrosiphon Boiss.

Valerianeae. LONG-SPURRED VALERIAN.

Spain. Valerian is an annual cultivated in gardens for its handsome, rose-colored flowers and is used as a salad in some countries, notably in France. It appears to combine all that belongs to corn salad, with a peculiar slight bitterness which imparts to it a more distinct and agreeable flavor.

Centranthus ruber DC.

FOX'S BRUSH. RED VALERIAN.

Red Valerian is said to be eaten as a salad in southern Italy.

Centrosema macrocarpum Benth.

Leguminosae.

British Guiana. The beans are eaten by the Indians, according to Schomburgk. The leaves, according to A. A. Black, are also eaten.

Cephalotaxus drupacea Sieb. & Zucc.

Coniferae (Cephalotaxaceae). PLUM-FRUITED YEW.

Japan. The female plant bears a stone-fruit closely resembling a plum in structure. The flesh is thick, juicy and remarkably sweet, with a faint suggestion of the pine in its flavor.

Ceratonia siliqua Linn.

Leguminosae. ALGAROBA BEAN. CAROB TREE. LOCUST BEAN. ST. JOHN'S BREAD.

This tree is indigenous in Spain and Algeria, the eastern part of the Mediterranean region, in Syria; and is found in Malta, the Balearic Islands, in southern Italy, in Turkey, Greece and Grecian Islands, in Asia Minor, Palestine and the north of Africa.8 It was found by Denham and Clapperton in the Kingdom of Bornu, in the center of Africa. The pods being filled with a saccharine pulp, are eaten, both green and dry and were a favorite food with the ancients; there are specimens preserved in the museum at Naples which were exhumed from a house in Pompeii. The Egyptians extracted from the husk of the pod a sort of honey, with which they preserved fruits; in Sicily, a spirit and a sirup are prepared from them;l in the island of Diu or Standia, the luscious pulp contained in the pod is eaten by the poor and children and is also made into a sherbet. These pods are imported into the Punjab as food for man, horses, pigs and cattle and are imported into England occasionally as a cattle food. In 1854, seeds of this tree were distributed from the United States Patent Office.

Ceratostema grandiflorum Ruiz & Pav.

Vacciniaceae.

Peruvian Andes. This tall, evergreen shrub produces berries of a pleasant, acidulous taste.

Cercis canadensis Linn.

Leguminosae. JUDAS TREE. REDBUD.

North America. The French Canadians use the flowers in salads and pickles.

Cercis siliquastrum Linn.

JUDAS TREE. LOVE TREE.

Mediterranean countries. The pods are gathered and used with other raw vegetables by the Greeks and Turks in salads, to which they give an agreeable odor and taste. The flowers are also made into fritters with batter and the flower-buds are pickled in vinegar.