Canarium pseudodecumanum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium pseudodecumanum Hochr.

Protologue: Pl. bogor. exs.: 61 (1904).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: tandikat (eastern central Sumatra), damar likat (Aceh), jelapat gala-gala semut (Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: kedondong kemasul, damar kangar (Peninsular), pomatodon (Sabah)
  • Thailand: han (Songkhla).


Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.


The wood is used as kedondong. The abundant resin is used for caulking boats. The seeds are edible and yield an edible oil.


  • A large tree up to 50 m tall, bole straight, cylindrical, branchless for up to 27 m, up to 165 cm in diameter, with buttresses up to 6 m high, bark surface smooth to scaly, grey-white to pale brown, inner bark yellow, white towards the cambium, fragrant, exuding a creamy resin.
  • Stipules absent; leaves with (7-)9-13 leaflets, rachis pubescent and swollen and flattened above towards the base, leaflets shortly acuminate at apex, margin minutely serrulate, subglabrous above, nearly glabrous to densely tomentulose below, with 17-25 pairs of secondary veins which are prominent below, tertiary venation giving the lower surface a pitted appearance.
  • Inflorescence axillary, narrowly paniculate.
  • Flowers 7-9 mm long.
  • Fruit ellipsoid, subtrigonous in cross-section, 70-85 mm × 45-60 mm, densely tomentose when young but glabrescent.

C. pseudodecumanum is uncommon and found scattered in primary forest in undulating or swampy locations and on river banks, up to 280 m altitude. The density of the wood is 330-600 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

9, 77, 99, 162, 342, 366, 474, 705.


  • M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page